We rely on our doctors to give us expert advice that will help to improve or maintain our health and cure our ailments. We put a great deal of trust into the medical professionals who treat us because their decisions can quite literally be life or death for us in many cases. So what happens when your doctor decides that you need surgery, and you undergo a difficult and painful procedure, at great expense to you, and then find out that it might have been entirely unnecessary? Is this grounds for a medical malpractice case? It could be.