Can Data Analytics Create Safer Roads?
September 11, 2018 (civilserviceworld.com) An article online at civilserviceworld.com explores how data analytics can help create safer roadways across the world.*
In 1896, Bridget Driscoll became the first reported person to die in a motor vehicle crash. She was crossing the Crystal Palace grounds in London and was struck by a vehicle that was traveling “at a reckless pace” a witness said. At the time of the incident, the coroner on Driscoll’s case said he hoped nothing like this would ever happen again. But since that day, more than 550,000 people have died in traffic accidents in the United Kingdom alone.
About 1.3 million people die in motor vehicle crashes every year around the world. Because of the grave threat that car crashes present to people each year, governments have been working to find new solutions. One way governments worldwide are trying to reduce vehicle accidents is through use of IoT, which stands for Internet of Things. The Internet of Things is a network of physical devices, vehicles, appliances, and other objects embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and connectivity that enables the connection and exchange of data across units.
A coalition called Together for Safer Roads (TSR) implemented data analytics in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in 2017 using IoT and was able to reduce road deaths by almost 6 percent. It also started a crash hotspot and driver behavior analysis in Shanghai, China. On North Avenue in Atlanta, TSR installed more than 100 IoT sensors at 18 intersections and adaptive signal timing systems, vehicle-to-infrastructure communications, and reconfiguration of existing roadway. Insights from collected data helped reduce traffic fatalities, improve traffic light timing, and facilitate faster emergency response times.
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